Impetigo (sometimes impetaigo) is a superficial bacterial skin infection most common among children 2 to 6 years old. People who play close contact sports such as rugby, American football and wrestling are also susceptible, regardless of age. The name derives from the Latin impetere (“assail”). It is also known as school sores.
Causes of Impetigo
Impetigo is usually caused primarily by Staphylococcus aureus, with frequent secondary infection by Streptococcus pyogenes. According to the American Academy of Family Physicians – “Nonbullous impetigo was previously thought to be a group A streptococcal process and bullous impetigo was primarily thought to be caused by S. aureus. Studies now indicate that both forms of impetigo are primarily caused by S. aureus with Streptococcus usually being involved in the nonbullous form”
Diagnosis for Impetigo
The diagnosis is made based on the typical appearance of the skin lesion.
The infection is spread by direct contact with lesions or with nasal carriers. The incubation period is 1–3 days. Dried streptococci in the air are not infectious to intact skin. Scratching may spread the lesions.
Prevention for Impetigo
Good hygiene practices can help prevent impetigo from spreading. Those who are infected should use soap and water to clean their skin and take baths or showers regularly. Non-infected members of the household should pay special attention to areas of the skin that have been injured, such as cuts, scrapes, bug bites, areas of eczema, and rashes. These areas should be kept clean and covered to prevent infection. In addition, anyone with impetigo should cover the impetigo sores with gauze and tape. All members of the household should wash their hands thoroughly with soap on a regular basis. It is also a good idea for everyone to keep their fingernails cut short to make hand washing more effective. Contact with the infected person and his or her belongings should be avoided, and the infected person should use separate towels for bathing and hand washing. If necessary, paper towels can be used in place of cloth towels for hand drying. The infected person’s bed linens, towels, and clothing should be separated from those of other family members, as well.
Impetigo contagiosa has pimple-like lesions surrounded by reddened skin. Lesions fill with pus, then break down over 4–6 days and form a thick, honey-colored crust. Impetigo is often associated with insect bites, cuts, and other forms of trauma to the skin. Itching is common. People who suffer from cold sores have shown higher chances of suffering from impetigo. Those who normally suffer from cold sores should consult a doctor if normal treatment has no effect. Impetigo also causes flu-like symptoms which may cause fatigue, weakness of muscles, headaches and vomiting.
Bullous impetigo primarily affects infants and children younger than 2 years. It causes painless, fluid-filled blisters — usually on the trunk, arms and legs. The skin around the blister is usually red and itchy but not sore. The blisters, which break and scab over with a yellow-colored crust, may be large or small, and may last longer than sores from other types of impetigo
Ecthyma is a more serious form of impetigo in which the infection penetrates deeper into the skin’s second layer, the dermis. Signs and symptoms include:
- Painful fluid- or pus-filled sores that turn into deep ulcers, usually on the legs and feet
- A hard, thick, gray-yellow crust covering the sores
- Swollen lymph glands in the affected area
- Little holes the size of pinheads to the size of pennies appear after crust recedes
- Scars that remain after the ulcers heal
Treatment of Impetigo
For generations, the disease was treated with an application of gentian violet, an antifungal agent . Today, topical or oral antibiotics are usually prescribed. Treatment may involve washing with soap and water and letting the impetigo dry in the air. Many general practitioners choose to treat impetigo with bactericidal ointment, such as fusidic acid or mupirocin, but in more severe cases oral antibiotics, such as flucloxacillin or erythromycin or Dicloxacillin are necessary. Amoxicillin combined with clavulanate potassium may also be used as an antibiotic treatment.
Homeopathy Treatment for Impetigo
Keywords: homeopathy, homeopathic, treatment, cure, remedy, remedies, medicine
Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution, family history, presenting symptoms, underlying pathology, possible causative factors etc. A miasmatic tendency (predisposition/susceptibility) is also often taken into account for the treatment of chronic conditions. A homeopathy doctor tries to treat more than just the presenting symptoms. The focus is usually on what caused the disease condition? Why ‘this patient’ is sick ‘this way’. The disease diagnosis is important but in homeopathy, the cause of disease is not just probed to the level of bacteria and viruses. Other factors like mental, emotional and physical stress that could predispose a person to illness are also looked for. No a days, even modern medicine also considers a large number of diseases as psychosomatic. The correct homeopathy remedy tries to correct this disease predisposition. The focus is not on curing the disease but to cure the person who is sick, to restore the health. If a disease pathology is not very advanced, homeopathy remedies do give a hope for cure but even in incurable cases, the quality of life can be greatly improved with homeopathic medicines.
The homeopathic remedies (medicines) given below indicate the therapeutic affinity but this is not a complete and definite guide to the homeopathy treatment of this condition. The symptoms listed against each homeopathic remedy may not be directly related to this disease because in homeopathy general symptoms and constitutional indications are also taken into account for selecting a remedy. To study any of the following remedies in more detail, please visit the Materia Medica section at Hpathy.
None of these medicines should be taken without professional advice and guidance.
Homeopathy Remedies for Impetigo :
Aln., alum., am-c., ant-c., ant-s., ant-t., ars., ars-i., arum-t., bar-c., calc., calc-mur., calen., carb-ac., carb-v., caust., cic., clem., con., crot-t., dulc., echi., euph., graph., hep., iris., jug-c., kali-bi., kali-n., kreos., lact., lyc., maland., merc., mez., nat-c., nat-m., nit-ac., olnd., ph-ac., phos., rhus-t., rhus-v., sars., sep., sil., staph., sulph., thuj., tub., viol-t.
- ^ Impetigo – school sores – Better Health Channel
- ^ Stulberg DL, Penrod MA, Blatny RA (2002). “Common bacterial skin infections. In Japanese, this is known as Tobihi.“. American family physician 66 (1): 119–24. PMID 12126026.
Lysine also helps prevent outbreaks, as well as reduce healing time.