Knee pain is simply pain in the knee joint. It can occur in any age, children, youth, or adults. It is commonly seen in elderly people. Knee pain can cause disability to a certain extent. Due to the painful gait elderly people may feel even a small distance is difficult to walk. Knee pain seems like a common symptom of various diseases but affects the quality of life. There are many causative factors for knee pain, acute injuries, chronic strain, and chronic conditions. Accurate diagnosis and effective treatment plans can contribute to reducing knee pain and disability caused by knee pain.

Role of homeopathy in knee pain

Homeopathic remedies for knee pain treatment focus on stimulating the body’s natural healing mechanisms. Homeopathy is prescribed to promote joint flexibility, reduce inflammation, and relieve stiffness. Homeopathic medicine offers a holistic approach to treating knee pain, including bone health. 

Six effective homeopathic medicines for knee pain

Rhus toxicodendron (Rhus tox.)

Common name: poison ivy

Rhus toxicodendron is known for its anti-inflammatory effects in arthritis pain. This medicine is mainly indicated for stiffness and pain which get worse after rest and on beginning movement (eg. rising from a seat). Rhus tox. can also decrease stiffness and swelling, especially in cases of overuse of joints. It can reduce joint discomfort. This medicine relieves bruised pain in joints with stiffness and soreness. Symptoms include gouty joint pains and hot and painful joints with swelling. All complaints are better by warmth, movement, hot water bathing, and warm wraps. Cold, damp weather and rainy days make complaints worse. 

Arnica montana (Arn. mont.)

Common name: Wolf’s Bane

Arnica montana is a medicine used for its anti-inflammatory action when applied externally. The chief symptoms are soreness and pain in the knee joint and feet. It helps treat various inflammatory diseases in postoperative conditions. Pain with bruise-like sensation in the joints. The pain is of throbbing, stinging type that gets worse with the slightest touch. This medicine is also helpful in treating gouty pain that hinders free movement. 

Colchicum autumnale (Colch.)

Common name: Meadow saffron

Colchicum autumnale is an effective remedy for cases where a history of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis is present. Colchicum naturally lowers pain in the knee joint. It also reduces swelling and soreness in the joints. The great toe is tender, hot, and sore to the touch. Slight movement increases all pain, and the slightest touch is unbearable. Colchicum is a natural diuretic that helps in removing toxins, and waste products from the body and helps in reducing pain that arises from gout. This medicine is indicated in cases of stiffness and swelling in multiple joints. There is a tearing type of pain in the knee joint that worsens in the evening. Colchicum is well indicated when acute gouty knee pain appears with marked swelling and heat. The slightest touch causes unbearable pain.

Hypericum perforatum (Hyper. per.)

Common name: St John’s wort

Hypericum perforatum is a remarkable remedy for rheumatoid arthritis. Hypericum has action over nerve pain and knee contraction. This homeopathic medicine eases the pain in joints after injuries or trauma. Hypericum is indicated where knee pain increases on climbing stairs up and going down. The patient feels relief from knee pain by putting pressure on the knee joint.

Calcarea carbonica (Calc. carb.)

Common name: Calcium carbonate, CaCO3

Arthritic swelling and knee pain are the key indications for this homeopathic remedy, particularly in fleshy people where the pain is aggravated by cold. Calcarea carb. is best suited to people who are usually overweight and obese. It is prescribed when rising from a seat is unbearable and walking due to knee pain becomes impossible.

Bryonia alba (Bry. alba)

Common name: White bryony or wild hop

Bryonia is prescribed for knee pain due to bursitis. Intense pain on the slightest movement attempting to change position in the bed is the key indication for this medicine. It has shown great results in knee pain, along with swelling. Bryonia is prescribed when the slightest movement worsens the knee joint pain and all existing pain in different parts of the body. Patients feel relief by immobilizing the body and by lying on the painful side. You may feel better by firm pressure, and bandaging tightly to the knee. Absolute rest brings relief.

Causative factors for knee pain

  • Obesity

Being overweight or obese is a common cause of knee pain. People may feel discomfort during walks. Obesity causes excess weight on the knees, which results in damage to the knee joint.

  • Acute traumatic injuries

Sports are a common factor for acute traumatic injuries, which are due to sudden impact, or twisting of the leg. Direct trauma to the knee joint is easy during play. Wear and tear to ligaments, tendons, and cartilage causes knee pain. Walking and playing after injury may cause swelling, knee pain, and unstable gait.

  • Strain-induced injuries

Repetitive strain injuries and overuse of knee joints in sports like football, improper exercise, inadequate warm-ups, or excessive training without proper rest can cause tissue damage and inflammation of the knee joint resulting in knee pain.

  • Fractures

Fractures to all four bones of the knee bones can result from high-energy trauma or direct impact to the knee. This can result in knee pain.

  • Systemic diseases

Certain systemic diseases, such as diabetes, gout, and metabolic disorders, can affect the health of the joint tissues and contribute to the development of knee pain.

  • Genetic factors

Genetic factors may influence the likelihood of knee pain in school students. Some individuals may be born with certain conditions, such as patellar instability or osteoarthritis. These genetic predispositions can make their knees more susceptible to pain and injuries, even at a young age.

Symptoms of knee pain

Knee pain is itself a chief symptom present in various diseases and conditions. A few medical conditions like osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis may cause severe knee pain. Knee pain comes with other symptoms such as swelling of the knee, hotness, hardness, and stiffness in the knee joint.

Diet and lifestyle modifications for knee pain

  • Reduce your weight to lower the pressure on your knees.
  • Consume a diet rich in proteins and vitamins to boost knee health.
  • Staying hydrated by drinking six to eight glasses of water daily will help keep your knee joint supple.
  • Manage stress by meditating, reading, listening to music, or going out for a walk.
  • Exercising helps strengthen your muscles and reduce weight. This reduces the load on your knees and improves knee function. Opt for activities like swimming, cycling, walking, to boost knee health.
  • If you have any other underlying condition that may cause knee pain, then you must consult your doctor to manage the condition. This will help tackle the symptoms of knee pain as well.


The impact of homeopathic medicine for knee pain treatment includes its non-invasive and gentle approach, holistic perspective, and personalized treatment plans. Homeopathic medicines have proven to be good alternatives for knee pain. Homeopathic medicines might help you perform your daily activities freely by reducing pain and swelling. Homeopathy can work as a primary as well as an alternative or complementary therapy. Homeopathic medicines are better, safer, and non-invasive options for people who want relief from knee pain without significant side effects. However, it is always advisable, to discuss with a qualified homeopathic doctor before taking any medicine for safe and effective treatment.


  • Lee KJ, Yeo MG. Homeopathic Rhus toxicodendron has dual effects on the inflammatory response in the mouse preosteoblastic cell line MC3T3-e1. Homeopathy [Internet]. 2016;105(1):42–7. Available from:
  • Knuesel O, Weber M, Suter A. Arnica montana gel in osteoarthritis of the knee: An open, multicenter clinical trial. Adv Ther [Internet]. 2002 [cited 2024 Feb 15];19(5):209–18. Available from:
  • Thokchom G, Dhivya M, Devi NM. An evidence-based study on efficacy of Colchicum autumnale 30 in the treatment of gout – a pilot study [Internet]. [cited 2024 Feb 15]. Available from:
  • Sönmez DZ, Ta?c? S. The effect of st. John’s wort oil (Hypericum perforatum L.) in knee osteoarthritis: A randomized controlled and qualitative study. Pain Manag Nurs [Internet]. 2024; Available from:
  • Galeotti N. Hypericum perforatum (St John’s wort) beyond depression: A therapeutic perspective for pain conditions. J Ethnopharmacol [Internet]. 2017;200:136–46. Available from:
  • Dewanjee S, Sohel M, Hossain MS, Ansari F, Islam MT, Sultana F, et al. A comprehensive review on clinically proven natural products in the management of nerve pain, with mechanistic insights. Heliyon [Internet]. 2023;9(5):e15346. Available from:
  • Wadhwani GG. Homeopathic drug therapy Homeopathy in Chikungunya Fever and Post-Chikungunya Chronic Arthritis: an observational study. Homeopathy [Internet]. 2013;102(3):193–8. Available from:
  • [cited 2024 Feb 15]. Available from:
  • Kumar S, Maurya VK, Nayak D, Khurana A, Manchanda RK, Gadugu S, et al. Calcarea carbonica treatment rescues lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory response in human mononuclear cells via downregulation of inducible cyclooxygenase pathway. J Integr Med [Internet]. 2020;18(5):441–9. Available from: