Did you know 29.8% of the Indian population has high blood pressure?1 Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a lifestyle disorder.
Blood pressure is the pressure the heart applies to push blood through the arteries. In high blood pressure, arteries supplying blood get narrow or thick. Thus your heart has to pump blood with more pressure due to increased resistance by the arteries. This is called high blood pressure.
Normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg.2 The term high blood pressure is used when your blood pressure is persistently high above the normal range.
A lifelong blood pressure medication is needed for its treatment. However, homeopathy treats high blood pressure holistically, addresses the underlying cause, and lowers blood pressure.
Role of homeopathic medicine in high blood pressure
Homeopathic medicines for high blood pressure work by naturally balancing your body functions. These homeopathic remedies are effective, especially for people recently diagnosed with high blood pressure, and are not yet dependent on any other medications.
However, these medications can also be used by those taking allopathic medications for high blood pressure. Initially, it is advised to continue taking both allopathic and homeopathic medications, then gradually shift to homeopathy in such cases.
Top five homeopathic medicines for high blood pressure
Nux vomica (Nux-v.)
Common name: Poison nut
Nux vomica is one of the best homeopathic remedies for high blood pressure. High blood pressure due to modern lifestyle, smoking, alcohol consumption, and lack of exercise are treated by this homeopathic remedy.
Nux vomica is suited for those who are thin, nervous, and irritable people with a short temper.
Common name: Nitro glycerine
Glonoinum is a very good homeopathic medicine for high blood pressure associated with headaches. This headache is often throbbing and bursting in nature. The person often feels strong palpitations and dyspnea (difficulty in breathing).
Glonoinum is indicated for high blood pressure with the heat on the face.
It is also prescribed for angina, where a person cannot walk uphill, faints with exertion, and angina pain radiates to other body parts. This constitution often does not feel like working, has a flushing of the face, gets irritated easily, and is also excited at everything.
Natrium muriaticum ( Nat-m.)
Common name: Chloride of sodium
Natrium muriaticum is another most used homeopathic medicine for high blood pressure. It is indicated in those with salty teeth. Although excess salt intake is restricted for high blood pressure, these people have excess cravings for salty foods such as pickles.
Nat. mur. is suitable for those who experience feet and face swelling in the morning. High blood pressure with unusual fatigue in the morning can be treated with this remedy. The person often feels tightness around the chest with intense palpitations on the slightest exertion. Nat. mur. treats headaches due to high blood pressure.
Aconitum napellus (Acon.)
Common name: Monkshood
Aconitum napellus is a homeopathic medicine for high blood pressure, with anxiety, and restlessness. This medicine is suited for the affections of the heart with left shoulder pains.
Aconite. is best suited for those whose blood pressure readings are normal but suddenly shoot high. There can be headaches with high blood pressure.
Aconite. helps people who feel a sudden fear of death. There are palpitations, anxiety, tingling in fingers, and a fainting sensation. Tachycardia due to fear is yet another indication of this remedy.
Crataegus oxyacantha (Crat.)
Common name: Hawthorn berries
Crataegus oxyacantha is another popular homeopathic remedy for high blood pressure, also known as a heart tonic. This medicine acts by dissolving the calcareous deposits in the arteries and thus helps to lower blood pressure. The keynote symptom is difficulty in breathing from the slightest exertion.
High blood pressure can be treated with Crataegus when there are symptoms like pain in the chest, pressure sensation in the left side of the chest, and an irregular pulse. This homeopathic medicine treats blood pressure with high arterial tension. It is suited for arteriosclerosis and heart disease after rheumatism.
Causes of high blood pressure
The cause of primary hypertension is not clear yet. Typically, it is caused by a combination of various factors like unhealthy eating habits such as a sodium-rich diet, lack of exercise, and drinking alcoholic beverages.
The following are common causes of secondary hypertension:
- Consumption of a few drugs, such as NSAIDs, oral contraceptives, and immunosuppressants
- Renal diseases
- Conn’s syndrome
- Substance abuse like cocaine and amphetamines
- Disorders that damage the arteries and veins in your kidneys
- Consumption of tobacco
In addition to these, some other factors also play a role in causing high blood pressure like:
Genes play an essential role in causing high blood pressure. You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if your immediate biological family member has high blood pressure.3
If you are above 55, there is an increased risk of high blood pressure.4
People of black race are more prone to high blood pressure.5
Certain medical disorders, such as thyroid illness, metabolic syndrome, chronic renal disease, or obstructive sleep apnea, make a person more prone to high blood pressure.
Being overweight contributes to high blood pressure.6
Symptoms of high blood pressure
Most of the time, high blood pressure is asymptomatic. Because of this, medical professionals call it a “silent killer”. You might have high blood pressure and can be unaware of it for years. According to the World Health Organization, 46% of people with hypertension are unaware of their condition.7
With hypertension, you may experience headache, heart palpitations, and nose bleeding when your pressure shoots up above 180/120 mm Hg.
Treatment OF High BP
Four groups of blood pressure medications are considered as the first line of treatment for high blood pressure.
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
ACE inhibitors block the production of the hormone angiotensin II. This hormone is utilized to regulate blood pressure.
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
ARBs prevent the angiotensin II hormone from connecting to the receptors in blood vessels. Thus prevent blood vessel constriction.
- Calcium channel blockers
These medications block calcium from entering heart muscle cells and blood vessels, allowing these vessels to relax.
These reduce the quantity of fluid in your blood by flushing out excess sodium from your body.
Diet and lifestyle changes to manage high blood pressure
- Weight management
Maintaining a healthy body weight helps you lower blood pressure.
- Lower salt intake
Cut back on your salt use. Excess sodium in the salt can contribute to high blood pressure.8
- Potassium intake
Obtain enough potassium from your diet each day.9
Start slowly and increase your weekly aerobic exercise time. Additionally beneficial is strength training, such as using modest weights.
- Reduce alcohol consumption
If you decide to consume alcoholic beverages, do it in moderation.
Homeopathy is a safe, mild, and efficient treatment for high blood pressure. Homeopathic medications assist in stabilizing and reducing high blood pressure levels when used in conjunction with conventional antihypertensive medications.
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- Brzezinski WA. Blood pressure. Chatswood, NSW, Australia: Butterworths; 1990.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK268/
- Butler MG. Genetics of hypertension. Current status. J Med Liban [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2023 Aug 29];58(3). Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21462849/
- Sun Z. Aging, arterial stiffness, and hypertension. Hypertension [Internet]. 2015;65(2):252–6. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/hypertensionaha.114.03617
- Lackland DT. Racial differences in hypertension: Implications for high blood pressure management. Am J Med Sci [Internet]. 2014 [cited 2023 Aug 21];348(2):135–8. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/maj.0000000000000308
- Shariq OA, McKenzie TJ. Obesity-related hypertension: a review of pathophysiology, management, and the role of metabolic surgery. Gland Surg [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2023 Aug 21];9(1):80–93. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/gs.2019.12.03
- Hypertension [Internet]. Who.int. [cited 2023 Aug 21]. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hypertension
- Grillo, Salvi, Coruzzi, Salvi, Parati. Sodium intake and hypertension. Nutrients [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2023 Aug 29];11(9):1970. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11091970
- Filippini T, Naska A, Kasdagli M-I, Torres D, Lopes C, Carvalho C, et al. Potassium intake and blood pressure: A dose?response meta?analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Am Heart Assoc [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2023 Aug 29];9(12). Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/jaha.119.015719
- Herman LL, Padala SA, Ahmed I, Bashir K. Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACEI). StatPearls Publishing; 2023.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK431051/
- Hill RD, Vaidya PN. Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARB). StatPearls Publishing; 2023.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK537027/
- Tocci G, Battistoni A, Passerini J, Musumeci MB, Francia P, Ferrucci A, et al. Calcium channel blockers and hypertension. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2023 Aug 21];20(2):121–30. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25398848/
- Mishra S. Diuretics in primary hypertension – Reloaded. Indian Heart J [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2023 Aug 21];68(5):720–3. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2016.08.013
- Perween S, Alam S. Role of homeopathy in hypertension [Internet]. Homoeopathicjournal.com. [cited 2023 Aug 21]. Available from: https://www.homoeopathicjournal.com/articles/185/4-2-42-468.pdf
- Nux Vomica. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases; 2023.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK589896/
- Cao Y, Liang X, Li C, Chen T, Li Z, Li W, et al. Experimental study on the effect of Aconite and Angelica sinensis on myocardial ischemia rats with Yang deficiency and blood stasis. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2023 Aug 21];2020:1–8. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7027391
- Nih.gov. [cited 2023 Aug 21]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2178186/pdf/brmedj04171-0014.pdf