Vaginal dryness is a distressing symptom that significantly impacts an individual’s quality of life. It can result in discomfort while sitting, exercising, urinating, and engaging in sexual intercourse. The vaginal lining is naturally lubricated with fluid, which helps maintain its thickness and elasticity. However, when the tissues in the vagina become dry, thin, and inadequately moisturized, vaginal dryness occurs, leading to discomfort, particularly during sexual activity.

Vaginal dryness happens at any age, but it is most prevalent in women or individuals assigned female at birth (AFAB) during or after menopause when estrogen levels decrease. Estrogen is a female hormone that plays a crucial role in keeping the vaginal lining moisturized and healthy. Insufficient levels of estrogen can cause the vaginal walls to become thin and dry, a condition commonly known as vaginal atrophy, which is frequently associated with menopause.

Approximately 17% of those assigned female at birth (AFAB), roughly between the ages of 18 and 50, report issues with vaginal dryness during sexual intercourse, even before menopause occurs. Additionally, over half of these individuals experience vaginal dryness after menopause.

Role of homeopathy 

Vaginal dryness can produce a lot of pain and discomfort down there. The dryness may be severe in some cases resulting in bleeding and soreness. Homeopathy helps provide symptomatic relief in vaginal dryness by acting on the body’s innate power to tackle all health issues.

Five effective medicines for vaginal dryness

Pulsatilla nigricans

Common name: Windflower

Pulsatilla is used for treating vaginal dryness in women who often experience dryness that varies in intensity and is accompanied by a thick, creamy discharge. This medicine is particularly suited to individuals with a gentle, mild, and weepy personality who seek comfort and reassurance from others. Symptoms of vaginal dryness often improve in fresh air and worsen in warm, stuffy environments. Vaginal dryness is associated with itching, burning, and a sensation of heaviness or fullness in the pelvic region. Additionally, women may experience irregular menstrual cycles characterized by delayed or scanty periods.

Sulphur 

Common name: Elemental sulphur

Sulphur is used to treat vaginal dryness associated with diabetes. There is intense itching and burning sensation which may worsen at night or in a warm environment. The dryness can be severe, causing significant discomfort during daily activities and sexual intercourse. These women may also exhibit skin issues such as rashes or heat-related eruptions. It works to restore moisture and balance in the vaginal area

Sepia officinalis

Common name: Cuttlefish

Sepia is indicated for vaginal dryness, particularly when it is associated with hormonal changes such as menopause, post-pregnancy, or prolonged stress. There is a marked sense of dryness that can cause discomfort and pain during intercourse, along with a sensation of bearing down or heaviness in the pelvic region. This medicine is particularly suited to individuals who feel emotionally indifferent, irritable, or exhausted, often preferring to be alone and feeling worse from overexertion or after periods of intense activity. Sepia is also indicated for those with irregular menstrual cycles, hot flashes, and other menopausal symptoms.

Lachesis muta 

Common name: Surukuku snake 

Lachesis muta is indicated for vaginal dryness occurring during menopause. The patient feels a sense of tightness or fullness in the vaginal area, along with dryness that can make sexual activity uncomfortable or painful. They experience hot flashes and night sweats and dislike tight clothing around the waist or neck. Lachesis helps with emotional symptoms such as irritability, jealousy, and talkativeness. 

Natrum muriaticum 

Common name: Sodium chloride

Natrum muriaticum is used to treat vaginal dryness that is linked to emotional stress or grief. There is a sensation of rawness or soreness in the vaginal area due to dryness. This dryness can make daily activities and sexual intercourse uncomfortable. Additionally, these women often crave salty foods, feel worse in hot, sunny weather, and tend to be reserved or introverted, keeping their feelings to themselves. The medicine helps by addressing the emotional factors and physical symptoms, promoting the natural lubrication of the vaginal tissues, and easing discomfort.

Causative factors of vaginal dryness

  • Breastfeeding 
  • Recent delivery
  • Contraceptive pills or any hormonal contraception
  • Cancer therapies such as chemotherapy and hormone therapy
  • Diabetes
  • Anti-estrogen medications that are used to treat uterine fibroids or endometriosis
  • Specific antidepressants, and antihistamines that are used to treat itchy eyes and runny noses.
  • Surgical removal of the ovaries (oophorectomy)
  • Sjogren’s syndrome (an autoimmune disorder that causes dryness throughout the body)
  • Lack of sexual arousal
  • Using scented or perfumed soaps, sprays, and washes around or inside the vagina
  • Menopause
  • Stress

Symptoms of vaginal dryness

  • Soreness or itching in and around your vagina
  • Pain or discomfort during sex
  • Need to pee more often than usual
  • Recurrent or repeated urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse due to your vaginal wall tissues breaking down.

Treatment of vaginal dryness

  • Estrogen therapy in the form of tablets, creams, or rings to restore moisture and elasticity to vaginal tissues. 
  • Non-hormonal treatments include lubricants and moisturizers that provide relief from dryness and discomfort during sexual intercourse.
  • Oral medications like ospemifene can help alleviate vaginal dryness by mimicking estrogen’s effects without using hormones directly.

Lifestyle modifications for vaginal dryness

  • Kegel exercises to maintain vaginal tone.
  • Clean, cotton undergarments to keep your intimate are clean and dry. 
  • Wash your genitals with plain water. No need to use soaps or solutions to clean your vagina. 
  • Use lubricants during sex to reduce the discomfort and pain during intercourse.

Conclusion 

Vaginal dryness is a prevalent symptom that may occur at any time. Various conditions and factors like menopause or the use of specific medications can result in dryness of the vagina. This dry sensation can result in discomfort during intercourse or cause burning, itching, and soreness in the genital area. Homeopathy helps manage vaginal dryness by providing a holistic cure to the underlying complaints.

References