Thyroid gland! We all must have heard this name before. Many of us might know a little about this gland which is a significant part of the endocrine system. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland situated at the front end of our neck. This small gland performs many important body functions and thus helps in the coordination of many body activities. The hormones secreted by the thyroid gland aids in regulating our body’s metabolism.

Thyroid disorders surface when the thyroid gland produces hormones in abnormal quantities. This leads to many different types of medical conditions which we will discuss in this article. Thyroid disorder can affect people of all age groups, be it adults, teenagers, infants, or older individuals.


Different forms of Thyroid Disorders

  1. Hypothyroidism
  2. Hyperthyroidism
  3. Thyroid Nodules
  4. Thyroid Cancer
  5. Goiter

The above listed medical conditions are explained in detail below:


1- Hypothyroidism

This condition is characterized by insufficient production of thyroid hormones in the body. With time, this disorder can give rise to many serious health issues, such as obesity, infertility, cardiac disease, or joint pain. Hypothyroidism disorder distorts all facets of body metabolism like body temperature and heart rate. This also causes our body’s natural function to act sluggishly and slows down many important body activities. This complaint affects females more frequently than males.

Hypothyroidism disease can occur due to several reasons, such as pre-existing autoimmune disease, use of certain medications, thyroid surgery, mineral deficiency, or exposure to radiation. Exact causes can be known after careful case analysis and a range of prevailing symptoms. Hypothyroidism can be diagnosed through a routine blood test or prevalence of certain symptoms. Some general signs of this ailment are listed below:

  • Feeling cold or increased sensitivity to temperature change
  • Dryness of skin or puffiness on the face
  • Difficulty in conceiving or irregular menses in females of reproductive age
  • Excessive hair fall and receding hairline
  • Increase in body weight
  • Muscular pain, stiffness, and weakness
  • Irregular bowel movement
  • Mood swings or depression
  • Restlessness or feeling tired all time

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2- Hyperthyroidism

This condition is caused due to excess secretion of free thyroid hormones in the body. It’s just the opposite of the above medical condition. Hyperthyroidism is also known as overactive thyroid that can increase our body metabolism. Hyperthyroidism can be treated effectively but could lead to serious problems if ignored. It can bring about sudden weight loss and accelerate the heartbeat. A range of conditions can trigger hyperthyroidism disorder essentially Graves’ disease, an autoimmune disease, is the most common stimulus. Other causes include tumors in reproductive organs, thyroid or pituitary glands, excess intake of iodine, certain pre-existing chronic illness, or genetic factors.

Hyperthyroidism disorder can provoke a wide variety of symptoms. Some common signs of this disorder are highlighted below:

  • Abnormal weight loss
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Change in appetite
  • Irritability, nervousness, or anxiety
  • Excessive sweating
  • More frequent bowel movements
  • Sleep difficulty
  • Changes in the menstrual cycle
  • Enhances sensitivity to warm temperature
  • Inability to focus
  • Weakness
  • Loss of hair and deteriorating hair quality

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3- Thyroid Nodules

This medical disorder is characterized by the formation of solid or fluid-filled lumps in the thyroid gland. Thyroid nodules are commonly non-cancerous and are not serious. The nodules may or may not produce thyroid hormones. It can be discovered by doctors in routine medical examinations. Thyroid nodules are mainly caused due to the overgrowth of normal thyroid tissues. Other reasons for the development of thyroid nodules include iodine deficiency, inflammation of the thyroid gland, hereditary factors, or certain autoimmune diseases.

Thyroid nodules prompt only a few symptoms that I have listed below:

  • Pain at bottom of the neck
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Trouble in breathing
  • Rough voice
  • Presence of lump or cluster of lump around the neck
  • Tiredness and weakness
  • Sudden weight changes

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4- Thyroid Cancer

This is a disease described by the formation of malignant (cancer) cells in the thyroid gland. Thyroid cancer is of several kinds. Rapid growth in the abnormal cells occurs and this fosters the development of a tumor. This form of cancer is usually treatable. Thyroid cancer can be diagnosed easily through physical examination and some lab tests.

The triggering factors causes of thyroid cancer are not known. This type of cancer affects women more as compared to men. Some common symptoms of thyroid cancer are highlighted below:

  • Pain in throat or neck
  • Existence of lumps in the neck region
  • Problem in swallowing food or fluids
  • Change in voice
  • Cough problem

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5- Goiter

It involves abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland. Goiters can strike any individual. This condition might influence some of the functions of the thyroid gland but it is not always necessary. Some scans and blood tests can be taken to confirm the diagnosis.

The most common cause of goitres is the deficiency of iodine in the body. Some other general causes may include inflammation of the gland, the existence of an autoimmune disease, or this may be an indication of some other serious health problems. I have enlisted some of the common symptoms of goiters are below:

  • Swelling in the neck area
  • Frequent coughing
  • Fatigue or feeling of dizziness
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Trouble while swallowing

{To know about homeopathic treatment, Also read: }


Homeopathy- Best remedy for Thyroid Disorder

Dr. Bhatia's Asha HomeopathyHomeopathy is the best answer for all types of thyroid disorders. Homeopathy works on the concept of removing the disease from its root. Conventional treatment for thyroid entails the intake of medications for the whole life. Homeopathy offers long-term benefits and relief from any type of thyroid disorder effectively. To know more about the range of treatments offered by homeopathy, read our related article on ‘Homeopathy treatment of thyroid disorders’.


How can you prevent thyroid dysfunction?

  • Avoid fast or processed food
  • Eat nutritious and balanced diet
  • Reduce stress and anxiety
  • Avoid smoking
  • Eat required amount of iodine
  • Avoid gluten and soy products

I hope you got a good grip on the topic under discussion from the article. I tried to cover all information related to some common types of thyroid problems people suffer from. If you are experiencing any symptoms related to the conditions I enlisted above, then you can reach out to us at our clinic or book an online appointment for a consultation.